steps to structuring a technology paper editors will need really
Posted on: 18 October
An experienced editor gives advice to have your projects posted in a international log
By Angel Borja, PhD Posted on 24 June 2014 Updated on 10 July 2019
Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of a researcher sharing their experience and will not express Elsevier’s policy. Nevertheless, in reaction to your feedback, we worked so it reflects our practices with him to update this post. As an example, as it ended up being published, we now have worked extensively with scientists to improve exposure of non-English language research. – July 10, 2019
Upgrade: in reaction to your feedback, we now have reinstated the initial text it was revised so you can see how. – July 11, 2019
Just how to prepare a manuscript for international journals — Part 2
In this month-to-month show, Dr. Angel Borja attracts on their substantial history being a writer, reviewer and editor to provide advice on planning the manuscript (author’s view), the assessment procedure (reviewer’s view) and just what there clearly was to hate or love in a paper (editor’s view).
This short article is the 2nd into the show. The very first article ended up being: “Six things you can do before composing your manuscript.”divider
Dr. Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, research center when you look at the Basque nation in Spain focusing on marine research and food technologies. Previously he was also Head associated with the Department of Oceanography and Head associated with the Marine Management region. Their primary subject of research is marine ecology, and has now posted more than 270 efforts, from where 150 come in over 40 peer-reviewed journals, through their long job of 32 many years of research. During this time period he’s examined in numerous topics and ecosystem elements, having a sufficient and view that is multidisciplinary of research.
Find out more about their work on ResearchGate, ORCID and LinkedIn, and follow him on Twitter (@AngelBorjaYerro).
When you organize your manuscript, the very first thing to take into account is the fact that the purchase of parts are going to be extremely unique of your order of products for you checklist.
A write-up starts utilizing the Title, Abstract and Keywords.
This article text follows the IMRAD format, which responds to your relevant questions below:
- Introduction: What did you/others do? Why did you are doing it?
- Techniques: exactly exactly How did it is done by you?
- Outcomes: What did you will find?
- Discussion: So what does it all mean?
The text that is main followed closely by the final outcome, Acknowledgements, References and Supporting Materials.
Although this may be the published framework, nonetheless, we usually work with a various order when writing.
Steps to organizing your manuscript
- Prepare the numbers and tables.
- Write the strategy.
- Jot down the outcomes.
- Write the Discussion. Finalize the total results and Discussion before composing the introduction. It is because, in the event that conversation is inadequate, how could you objectively indicate the clinical need for your work with the introduction?
- Write a definite summary.
- Compose an introduction that is compelling.
- Write the Abstract.
- Write a descriptive and concise Title.
- Choose Keyword Phrases for indexing.
- Write the Acknowledgements.
- Jot down the Recommendations.
Upcoming, I’ll review each step of the process in detail. But before you attempted to compose a paper, there are two main essential things you need to accomplish that will set the groundwork for the whole procedure.
- The subject become examined ought to be the issue that is first be fixed. Determine your theory important source and goals (These goes in the Introduction.)
- Review the literary works regarding this issue and choose some documents (about 30) which can be cited in your paper (These will likely be placed in the References.)
Finally, take into account that each publisher features its own design tips and choices, therefore consult the publisher always’s Guide for Authors.divider
Step one: Prepare the numbers and tables
Understand that “a figure will probably be worth a thousand terms.” Ergo, pictures, including numbers and tables, will be the many way that is efficient provide your outcomes. Your computer data will be the driving force regarding the paper, so that your pictures are critical!
How will you determine between presenting your computer data as tables or numbers? Generally speaking, tables supply the real results that are experimental while numbers tend to be useful for evaluations of experimental outcomes with those of previous works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).
Whatever your decision is, no pictures should replicate the given information described somewhere else into the manuscript.
Another factor that is important figure and dining table legends should be self-explanatory (Figure 2).
Whenever presenting your tables and numbers, appearances count! For this end:
- Avoid crowded plots (Figure 3), only using three to four information sets per figure; usage well-selected scales.
- Think axis label size that is about appropriate
- Add symbols that are clear information sets which can be simple to differentiate.
- Never ever consist of long bland tables ( e.g., chemical compositions of emulsion systems or lists of types and abundances). You could add them as additional product.
If you work with photographs, each will need to have a scale marker, or scale bar, of expert quality in one single part.
In photographs and numbers, utilize color only once necessary whenever submitting to a printing book. If different line designs can simplify this is, avoid using colors or other effects that are thrilling you’re going to be faced with costly charges. Needless to say, this doesn’t use to online journals. For a lot of journals, you can easily submit duplicate numbers: one in color for the version that is online of log and pdfs, and another in black colored and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).
Another universal problem is the abuse of lines and histograms. Lines joining information just may be used whenever time that is presenting or consecutive examples information ( e.g., in a transect from coast to offshore in Figure 5). But, if you have no connection between examples or there isn’t a gradient, you need to utilize histograms (Figure 5).
Often, fonts are way too tiny when it comes to log. You have to take this into consideration, or they may be illegible to visitors (Figure 6).
Finally, you need to focus on making use of decimals, lines, etc. (Figure 7)
Action 2: Compose the strategy
This section responds towards the concern of the way the issue ended up being examined. In case your paper is proposing a method that is new you will need to add detailed information so a qualified audience can replicate the test.
Nevertheless, try not to duplicate the information of founded techniques; usage sources and Supporting Materials to suggest the formerly posted procedures. Broad summaries or references that are key enough.